Programmable-Velocity Dephasingless Laser Wakefield Acceleration
Manfred Ambat, PhD Qualifying Exam, Advised by Dustin Froula
Thursday, January 12, 2023
In a laser wakefield accelerator, the ponderomotive force of an intense laser pulse propagating through a plasma excites a large amplitude plasma wakefield that can trap and accelerate electrons to relativistic energies. To prevent the electrons from outrunning the accelerating phase of the wakefield, spatiotemporal pulse shaping can be used to propagate the laser intensity at the vacuum speed of light in the plasma over long distances without the need for guiding structures. We present simulations of a novel optical configuration for spatiotemporal pulse shaping that combines a deformable mirror (DM), a spatial light modulator (SLM), and a reflective axiparabola. The DM imparts a radial group delay that controls the time at which each radius reaches its focus. The SLM corrects the unwanted phase front curvature imparted by the DM while retaining the desired delay. The axiparabola controls the longitudinal location at which each radius focuses. This flying focus improves upon previous designs by offering flexible programmability of the focal velocity with the DM and SLM. This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy Office of Fusion Energy under Award Number DE-SC00215057 and by the Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration under Award Number DE-NA0003856.
Co-authors: J. P. Palastro, P. Franke, H. G. Rinderknecht, D. H. Froula, and J. L. Shaw