"Design and Analysis Methods for Trials with AI-Based Diagnostic Devices for Breast Cancer"

November 4, 2021

A paper co-authored by Duke University collaborators Lu Liu and Sin-Ho Jung, and Professor Kevin Parker titled "Design and analysis methods for trials with AI-based diagnostic devices for breast cancer" has been published in the Journal of Personalized Medicine. The abstract follows; more information can be found here.

Abstract: Imaging is important in cancer diagnostics. It takes a long period of medical training and clinical experience for radiologists to be able to accurately interpret diagnostic images. With the advance of big data analysis, machine learning and AI-based devices are currently under development and taking a role in imaging diagnostics. If an AI-based imaging device can read the image as accurately as experienced radiologists, it may be able to help radiologists increase the accuracy of their reading and manage their workloads. In this paper, we consider two potential study objectives of a clinical trial to evaluate an AI-based device for breast cancer diagnosis by comparing its concordance with human radiologists. We propose statistical design and analysis methods for each study objective. Extensive numerical studies are conducted to show that the proposed statistical testing methods control the type I error rate accurately and the design methods provide required sample sizes with statistical powers close to pre-specified nominal levels. The proposed methods were successfully used to design and analyze a real device trial.