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Parker Medical Imaging Research

The Blue Noise Mask

Invented by Professor Parker and Theophano Mitsa, PhD, the Blue Noise Mask was an advance in halftoning. Researchers at the University of Rochester designed the first Blue Noise Mask with substantial computer power and several years of hard work. The Mask was introduced to graphics and other industries in 1991. At that time, it was the first method to combine high quality with virtually instantaneous halftoning. for more information, see Professor Parker's Blue Noise Mask page. You can also read about the Blue Noise Mask in the Rochester Review.

Digital halftoning technique using a blue-noise mask
T. Mitsa and K. J. Parker
J Opt Soc Am, vol. 9, no. 11 , pp. 1920 -1929  (1992). View PDF


Journal Articles


  1. Optimal output level selection for multilevel halftoning based on visual experiments using spatially modulated gratings
    M. Wang, K. J. Parker, K. Spaulding, Q. Yu, and R. Miller
    J Imaging Sci Techn, vol. 47, no. 4 , pp. 309 -326  (2003). View PDF
  2. Morphological characterization of dithering masks
    V. Misic and K. J. Parker
    J Electron Imaging, vol. 12, no. 2 , pp. 278 -283  (2003). View PDF
  3. Prediction of the texture visibility of color halftone patterns
    M. Wang and K. J. Parker
    J Electron Imaging, vol. 11, no. 2 , pp. 195 -205  (2002). View PDF
  4. A metric to evaluate the texture visibility of halftone patterns
    M. Wang and K. J. Parker
    Proceedings, SPIE Medical Imaging: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging, vol. 4299 , pp. 163 -174  (2001). View PDF
  5. Properties of jointly-blue noise masks and applications to color halftoning
    M. Wang and K. J. Parker
    J Imaging Sci Techn, vol. 44, no. 4 , pp. 360 -370  (2000). View PDF
  6. Color filter arrays based on mutually exclusive blue noise patterns
    W. Zhu, K. J. Parker, and M. A. Kriss
    J Vis Commun Imag R, vol. 10 , pp. 245 -267  (1999). View PDF
  7. Stochastic screen halftoning for electronic imaging devices
    Q. Yu and K. J. Parker
    J Vis Commun Image R, vol. 8, no. 4 , pp. 423 -440  (1997). View PDF
  8. Adaptive color halftoning for minimum perceived error using the blue noise mask
    Q. Yu and K. J. Parker
    Proceedings, SPIE Color Imaging:Device-Independent Color, Color Hard Copy, and Graphic-Arts-II, vol 3018 , pp. 272 -277  (1997). View PDF
  9. Efficient transmission of halftones via facsimile
    H. T. Fung and K. J. Parker
    J Electron Imaging vol. 5, no. 4 , pp. 1363 -1368  (1996). View PDF
  10. Segmentation of scanned documents for efficient compression
    H. T. Fung and K. J. Parker
    Proceedings, SPIE Medical Imaging: Visual Communications and Image Processing, vol. 2727 , pp. 701 -712  (1996). View PDF
  11. An analysis of the blue noise mask based on a human visual model
    M. Yao and K. J. Parker
    International Congress on Advances in Nonimpact Printing Technologies, IS&T and SEPJ , pp. 424 -426  (1995). View PDF
  12. Digital halftoning of medical images
    R. W. Silkman and K. J. Parker
    Proceedings, SPIE Medical Imaging: Image Display, vol. 2461 , pp. 277 -294  (1995). View PDF
  13. Design of image-adaptive quantization tables for JPEG
    H. T. Fung and K. J. Parker
    J Electron Imaging, vol. 4, no. 2 , pp. 144 -150  (1995). View PDF
  14. Modified approach to the construction of a blue noise mask
    M. Yao and K. J. Parker
    J Electron Imaging, vol. 3, no. 1 , pp. 92 -97  (1994). View PDF
  15. Digital halftoning technique using a blue-noise mask
    T. Mitsa and K. J. Parker
    J Opt Soc Am, vol. 9, no. 11 , pp. 1920 -1929  (1992). View PDF
  16. Efficient fax transmission of halftone image sequences
    K. J. Parker and H. T. Fung
    J Electron Imaging, vol. 1, no. 4 , pp. 388 -395  (1992). View PDF
  17. Efficient fax transmission of halftone images
    K. J. Parker and A. C. Cheung
    J Electron Imaging, vol. 1, no. 2 , pp. 203 -208  (1992). View PDF
  18. Inverse halftoning
    C. M. Miceli and K. J. Parker
    J Electron Imaging, vol. 1, no. 2 , pp. 143 -151  (1992). View PDF